Prior to the formal start of the field, early work in operational research was carried out by individuals such as Charles Babbage.
The initiative ceremony of the film was on August 27, 2008, marking formal start of the filming.
Fire insurance got its formal start in 1794; other types - life, accident, casualty, health - followed over the next century.
More than grocery bills have been paid for - and run up - since the festival got its formal start in 1941.
September brings the formal start of Japan's annual job-recruitment season.
It was as class agent for the college's alumni association that he got his formal start in philanthropy.
Tonight voters in the mid-western state of Iowa will kick off the formal start of the 2012 presidential election race.
The ceremony marks the formal start of an ambassador's service.
If people are chatting before the formal start of the meeting, then get involved in conversation - it will warm you up.
Because I was desperate and had nowhere to go, the tenant allowed me to take the apartment before the formal start of the sublet.