According to Weierstrass in his paper, earlier mathematicians including Gauss had often assumed that this was true.
He was one of the earliest European mathematicians to work on trigonometry.
Euclid is one of the most famous early mathematicians.
The phrase was used by many early Greek mathematicians, including Euclid and Archimedes.
The second smallest pair, (1184, 1210), was discovered in 1866 by a then teenage B. Nicolò I. Paganini, having been overlooked by earlier mathematicians.
Liu credits the earlier mathematicians Zhang Cang (fl.
Though it was believed by early mathematicians that M is prime for all primes p, M is very rarely prime.
(It should be noted that certain ideas of calculus were known to earlier mathematicians.)
They had an invaluable tool that earlier mathematicians lacked-modern computers.
"It was, of course, familiar to earlier mathematicians" (Hardy and Wright, p. 10).