Republicans offered comparatively little defense of the bill, except to say that it would control costs and reduce fraud.
Merchants and credit card companies, on the other hand, are eager to reduce fraud.
Banks have little interest in reducing fraud as the measures may cost more than they save.
To reduce fraud, the company said, it will not issue an identification card.
Congress also instituted more stringent rules to reduce fraud in the program.
In recent years, part of the effort to reduce the welfare rolls has focused on reducing fraud.
Manufacturers contend that they need the information to reduce fraud.
Officials at the union's headquarters in Brussels say that above all they want to make changes to reduce fraud.
Finally, such a system would assist in reducing fraud.
The states hoped to reduce fraud, save money and draw poor people into the financial mainstream.