The social and medical institutions that were founded by them are now in the care of foundations with lay participation.
The central idea was that there ought to be greater lay participation in the liturgy.
Mr. Joyce said he hoped the resignation and a new archbishop would allow for more lay participation.
Of the 88 responses, only 19 pastors reported they had a program promoting active lay participation in the liturgy.
When the depth of the scandal became apparent this year, even Catholic conservatives criticized the bishops and called for increased lay participation in church decisions.
His successor undid those changes, and other bishops worked to suppress lay participation in governance.
He promoted active lay participation and Christian renewal in the Church through fraternal societies.
The goal of the document is to indicate the road of lay participation in human society.
The main aim was to achieve greater lay participation in the Catholic Church's liturgy.
Hence there was great need to promote lay participation in the life of the church.