The procedure was first used to correct deformities of the facial skeleton to include malocclusion.
The facial skeleton, splanchnocranium or viscerocranium consists of a part of the skull that is derived from branchial arches.
Anatomical textbooks differ in what bones they include in their enumerations of the bones of the facial skeleton.
As the facial skeleton grows, the range for movement increases, which probably contributes to the increased variety of sounds infants start to produce.
Doctors use three dimensional imaging to identify the parts of the patient's facial skeleton that need repositioning and determine the magnitude and direction of distraction.
Most of the facial skeleton of the fossil is missing.
The term "cranium" can be ambiguous in that it can refer to the neurocranium, or the whole skull, meaning the neurocranium and the facial skeleton.
The viscerocranium (also splanchnocranium or facial skeleton) is formed by the bones supporting the face.
In the skull, the facial skeleton is long and the braincase is smooth.
The anterior part of the lower facial skeleton has been damaged.