The first of which, was when Marvin Harris actively and systematically worked to develop "cultural materialism" as an approach to research.
They have identified four defining characteristics of cultural materialism as a theoretical device:
To Harris, cultural materialism "is based on the simple premise that human social life is a response to the practical problems of earthly existence".
Harris applies cultural materialism, looking for economical or ecological explanations behind the taboos.
It is often viewed in contrast to cultural materialism.
Elman Service's work is fundamental to cultural materialism, the predominant paradigm in modern anthropology.
Margolis's work is strongly informed by Harris's anthropological research strategy, known as cultural materialism.
Marxist views strongly influenced individuals' comprehension and conclusions about society, among others the anthropological school of cultural materialism.
Hammond (1986) has studied Pope's work from the perspectives of cultural materialism and new historicism.
A prolific writer, he was highly influential in the development of cultural materialism.