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These effects are interpreted as induced by short-range interactions.
Examples of such short-range interactions are the strong and weak forces, and their associated field bosons.
This can introduce problems with short-range interactions between the particles such as the formation of two-particle binary systems.
Initially, we intend to measure the short-range interaction between hydrophobic surfaces that show no long-range attraction.
It predicts that the phase transition can be either continuous or discontinuous depending on the strength of the short-range interaction between the molecules.
The reactions are interpreted as collisional excitation occurring by means of a potential energy curve crossing in the short-range interaction region.
The weak force is a very short-range interaction, and gravity is extremely weak on the subatomic scale.
For short-range interactions, a cut-off radius is typically used, beyond which particle interactions are considered "close enough" to zero to be safely ignored.
In addition to the Coulomb interaction, such potentials contain short-range interaction induced by the structure of the aqueous solvent.
Weak interaction: a short-range interaction responsible for some forms of radioactivity, that acts on electrons, neutrinos, and quarks.
The quantities λ(I) represent the short-range interactions in the presence of solvent between solute particles i and j.
The structural organization of lymphoid tissues optimizes intimate contact and short-range interactions between the cell populations that cooperate in the generation of immune responses.
The theorem states that continuous symmetries cannot be spontaneously broken at finite temperature in systems with sufficiently short-range interactions in dimensions .
The spin–spin interaction mediated by the condensed electrons has been calculated and a short-range interaction of the form (cos 2k0r/r2)e−r/ξ0 has been obtained.
For such systems it is known that the behaviour, particularly in the neighbourhood of phase transitions, can be quite different than the behaviour of systems with short-range interactions.
High-precision spectroscopic measurements on these molecules will provide new information about the long- and short-range interactions in these species, which will significantly improve our understanding of reaction dynamics.
The positively charged surface (C-terminal) of SloTx has a specific short-range interaction with the negatively charged pore region of potassium-channels leading to channel blockade.
Molecular dynamics program of order N for simulation of condensed matter systems II. MDSPNL: pyramid with neighbour list, short-range interactions.
Departure from spherical symmetry of the short-range interactions between the guest molecule and the water molecules which form the cages leads to preferred orientations which become increasingly occupied at low temperatures.
The calculations were made under the following conditions: (1) Region I (in which the electrostatic and short-range interactions for each ion are treated in detail) contained 6, 18, 26, and 32 ions respectively.
Since the strong force is a short-range interaction, these effects are strongest if the atomic orbital involved is close to the nucleus, when the energy levels involved may broaden or disappear because of the absorption of the hadron by the nucleus.
These parameters have been correlated with a short-range interaction based upon a shape and size function of the solute molecule and a long-range contribution due to the interaction between the solute molecular quadrupole moment and the average electric field gradient.
To develop a phenomenological theory of the effect in condensed fluids, we introduce the cell model and assume densities sufficiently high that a nonpolar particle is bound harmonically to the cell center through short-range interaction with its immediate neighbors for times long compared to its period of oscillation.
FFS and AMS formally require evaluation of the progress coordinate at every timestep of the dynamics, which can in theory be more expensive than the dynamics itself for systems which have short-range interactions but whose emergent order is defined with reference to some long-range (therefore many-particle) correlation.
On the basis of the present calculations, we suggest that (1) the energetic stability of excess electrons depends on both short-range interaction and long-range interaction, (2) the first excitation energy is critically affected by only the short-range interactions, and the excitation is theoretically attributed to the1s→2p transition of the excess electron.
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