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Posterior uveitis treatment depends on the underlying cause but almost always includes steroids taken by mouth.
It is a form of posterior uveitis.
Inflammation related to posterior uveitis may last from months to years and may cause permanent vision damage, even with treatment.
Posterior uveitis or chorioretinitis is the inflammation of the retina and choroid.
Birdshot chorioretinopathy is a rare form of bilateral posterior uveitis affecting the eye.
PIC is one of the so called white dot syndromes which come under the heading posterior uveitis.
Posterior uveitis, also known as choroiditis, refers to inflammation of the choroid, the back part of the uvea.
Posterior uveitis may affect the retina and/or the optic nerve, and may lead to permanent loss of vision.
Ocular involvement can be in the form of posterior uveitis, anterior uveitis, or retinal vasculitis.
Birdshot chorioretinopathy is a rare form of posterior uveitis and accounts for 1-3% of uveitis cases in general.
Posterior uveitis is the rare form of the disorder and is the type of uveitis most associated with loss of vision.
Inflammation of the eyes (anterior uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis) also affects individuals with Behcet's syndrome.
Posterior uveitis affects the back part of the uvea, and involves primarily the choroid, a layer of blood vessels and connective tissue in the middle part of the eye.
Eales disease, pars planitis, birdshot retinochoroidopathy (autoimmune bilateral posterior uveitis), and Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI) can also cause retinal vasculitis.
Diagnosis of PIC can be difficult because the appearance may be similar to other conditions and types of posterior uveitis, especially other forms of the so called white dot syndromes.
Anterior uveitis presents with painful eyes, conjuctival redness, hypopyon, and decreased visual acuity, while posterior uveitis presents with painless decreased visual acuity and visual field floaters.
Patients with retinal tears may experience floaters if red blood cells are released from leaky blood vessels, and those with a posterior uveitis or vitritis, as in toxoplasmosis, may experience multiple floaters and decreased vision due to the accumulation of white blood cells in the vitreous humour.