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According to Smith, all monetary systems, including money markets, should function within fractional-reserve banking.
This practice sets a limit on the fraction in fractional-reserve banking.
Fractional-reserve banking allows the money supply to expand or contract.
For example population growth in virgin territory, or fractional-reserve banking creating inflation.
In modern economies with fractional-reserve banking, money creation follows a two stage process.
Due to leverage function of fractional-reserve banking, it may greatly impact the financial industry.
Additionally, banks shall no longer be allowed to create money, putting an end to fractional-reserve banking.
Whenever a bank gives out a loan in a fractional-reserve banking system, a new sum of money is created.
North argues for the abolition of the fractional-reserve banking system and a return to the gold standard.
Fractional-reserve banking is the current form of banking in all countries worldwide.
Despite calls for reform, the nearly universal practice of fractional-reserve banking has remained in the United States.
There are two types of money in a fractional-reserve banking system operating with a central bank:
A significant number of gold-standard advocates also call for a mandated end to fractional-reserve banking.
Fractional-reserve banking is disallowed as a form of breach of trust.
Fractional-reserve banking permits a bank to make loans against the reserves it takes in as demand deposits.
Much of the film presents the filmmaker's understanding of modern money creation in a fractional-reserve banking system.
He is an opponent of fractional-reserve banking.
Because the nature of fractional-reserve banking involves the possibility of bank runs, central banks have been created throughout the world to address these problems.
Thus fractional-reserve banking was born.
The emergence of central banks reduced the risk of bank runs inherent in fractional-reserve banking and allowed the practice to continue as it does today.
The different forms of money in government money supply statistics arise from the practice of fractional-reserve banking.
Through fractional-reserve banking, the modern banking system expands the money supply of a country beyond the amount initially created by the central bank.
That's O.K.: it's an inevitable part of a fractional-reserve banking system with federal-deposit insurance.
However, there are various heterodox theories concerning the mechanism of money creation in a fractional-reserve banking system, and the implication for monetary policy.
Like all modern monetary systems, the monetary system in New Zealand is based on fiat and fractional-reserve banking.
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