For the British the civil and political administration turned out hard.
Politics here means the creation of a civil administration from the ground up.
But there is almost a vacuum in the area of political and civil administration.
Second, they said, a new government must demonstrate a capacity for civil administration.
The governor was head of the military and the civil administration within the colony.
Many headed the civil and military administrations in their country.
In parallel to the military action, Indonesia also ran a civil administration.
They left the country's civil administration and economy in tatters.
Military rule remained in place until 16 August 1941, after which civil administration was introduced.
Nine grades of rank were set up for both the civil administration and the military.