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They can learn to choose the correct path in a simple T-maze.
The basis behind the T-maze is to place the rat at the base of the maze.
The T-maze and radial arm maze are much more structured in comparison.
During a learning phase rats learn the topology of a T-maze without getting any reward.
The third very frequently used, however, qualitative technique is the T-maze and its adaptations for microplates.
Researchers have also created the Y-Maze which functions very similar to the T-maze.
The T-maze is one of a group of various mazes of differing sizes and many shapes.
After this training period, flies are placed in a T-maze with the two odors placed individually on either end of the horizontal 'T' arms.
In behavioral science, a T-maze (or the variant Y-maze) is a simple maze used in animal cognition experiments.
In 1949, John Seward conducted studies in which rats were placed in a T-maze with one arm coloured white and the other black.
The rats have to turn in a certain direction in a T-maze in order not to be electrically shocked or in order to be fed.
I also use numerous learning apparatus (including, Skinner Boxes, T-maze, radial maze, plus-maze and locomotor chambers).
The T-maze, for instance, only requires the rat or mouse to make a binary decision, choose left or right (or East or West).
An example of an experiment within a multiple T-maze was performed by allowing the rat to explore the multiple T-maze without a reward.
Like other spatial tasks, such as the T-maze and radial arm maze, the Morris water navigation task is supposed to measure spatial memory, movement control, and cognitive mapping.
Then they are transferred, by a little "elevator" Tully designed, to what is called a T-maze; each arm of the T is scented with one of the two odors.
The Rocky Mountain toad (Bufo woodhousii woodhousii) and Gulf Coast toad (Bufo valliceps) are able to discriminate between left and right positions in a T-maze.
In the T-maze this is relegated to a single left or right turn, but in more complex mazes it becomes a series of turns for the rat to remember in order to reach its goal and reward.
The flies in this T-maze were tested on their native ability to recognize the presence of the magnetic field in an arm and on their response following training where the magnetic field was paired with a sucrose reward.
Early studies showed that African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) learn to avoid electric shocks in an aquatic shuttle-box test and similarly, cane toads (Bufo marinus) learn to avoid electric shocks in a T-maze.
He noted that his rats tended to adopt a strategy for sampling the stimuli in the first stage of (simultaneous) training in which they consistently looked into one arm of his T-maze, withdrawing and turning to the other arm only if confronted with the negative stimulus.
At the end of this period, when the animals were tested in a T-maze for learning and recall, treated animals showed a tendency to take more time to reach the food source and made more errors, but statistically there was only a marginally significant difference between exposed and control animals.
The original TRP-mutant in Drosophila was first described by Cosens and Manning in 1969 as "a mutant strain of D. melanogaster which, though behaving phototactically positive in a T-maze under low ambient light, is visually impaired and behaves as though blind".
The simplest maze is a T-maze in which the individual has to make one directional choice; by rewarding rats that turn one way rather than the other (or by giving them an electric shock if they turn in the opposite direction), the experimenter can teach them to make a consistent and predictable choice.
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