The lowest earners, seldom included in employers' pension provision and among whom women predominated, were excluded from the graduated scheme.
And since women predominate in industries like retail, where many jobs are part-time or seasonal, they are less likely to qualify for unemployment insurance.
"Half of the faculty members were women, and women still predominated in every class," she recalled.
In Britain, women predominate in non-examination adult education psychology classes.
She eventually opened her own school to train others to enter the industry, one of the few in Africa in which women predominate.
From the beginning women had predominated as telephone operators but few advanced beyond the lowest supervisory positions.
The women predominate three to one.
But women and young people predominated.
Young women predominated at a ratio of about four to one.
The report concluded that jobs in which blacks, Hispanic people and women predominated paid significantly less than the positions held by white men.