A triple bottom was also included in the design, the first time a feature was used in a German warship design.
It was a radical departure in warship design, yet it made uncompromising sense, given the increased power of modern energy weapons.
With this came a series of warship designs based on the Soviet Navy's own destroyers and frigates.
The first vessel, Harbin (112) (seen and commissioned by the early 1990s), was a significant shift from traditional Chinese warship design.
In warship design the term casemate has been used in a number of ways.
Despite these disadvantages, Maine was seen as an advance in American warship design.
This gave line officers and planners direct input and control over warship design, a pattern which has persisted to the present day.
The need to limit displacement resulted in a radical new warship design, drawing from the G3 and N3 designs.
The Godavari class was the first significant indigenous warship design and development initiative of the Indian Navy.
In 1871 Rendel was appointed a member of the British government committee on warship design.