In these cases its best to use manual focus.
Although these looked like they were using deep focus, they were actually a composite of two different shots.
Close-ups after her release were shot using soft focus.
The video used soft focus, gentle lighting and airbrushing looks on Madonna.
Advanced models use automatic focus and have variable apertures.
This movement is called Pictorialism, often using soft focus for a dreamy, 'romantic' look.
These include using selective focus, darkening areas of the prints, and posing her children with significant props.
(The lag all but disappears if you use manual focus and exposure.)
He used sharp focus and overhead light that threw long eyelash shadows down alabaster cheeks.
"I use the Tiffany approach - simplicity and focus," he said.