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Skill variety - This refers to the range of skills and activities necessary to complete the job.
Skill variety has the strongest relationship with internal work motivation.
An increase in skill variety is thought to increase the challenge of the job.
The model looks at five areas: skill variety, task significance, autonomy, feedback and task identity.
In regards to the former, the job control measure confounds job control with skill variety.
Three of the five job attributes: skill variety, task identity, and task significance, influence how much employees think their jobs are meaningful.
My headache was not fading, but it seemed to be changing to an ordinary one rather than one of the Skill variety. '
These motivations include: skill variety, task identity, task autonomy, direct feedback from the job, and pastime.
Skill Variety: The degree to which a job requires various activities, requiring the worker to develop a variety of skills and talents.
At this level, the task significance and task identity are optimised as well as skill variety, feedback and autonomy.
Differences were found in the factors of skill variety (higher in the proximal condition) and feedback (higher in the abstract-proximal group).
Mixing high skill variety principals with fast paced comedy and farce into a hip-larious situation comedy about a circus that has gone awall.
Job redesign The job characteristics model (Hackman, 1977) forms a basis for attempts to optimise skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback.
Its principles are geared towards how the nature of a person's job affects their attitudes and behavior at work, particularly relating to characteristics such as skill variety and autonomy.
Job Characteristics Model: This model "focuses on important aspects of job characteristics, such as skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback."
According to Job Characteristics Theory, changes in autonomy and feedback influence work behaviors and attitudes more than a change in skill variety, task identity, or task significance.
It is based upon five characteristics - skill variety, task identity, task significance, task autonomy, and task feedback - which are used to identify the general content and structure of jobs"."
Expanding Research on Stress: Contemporary opinions hold that jobs designed to support skill variety, task identity, significance, autonomy, and feedback, while providing for existence and growth needs, will sustain a healthier, greater satisfied workforce.
Telework may not change the job characteristics of skill variety, task identity, and task significance compared to working in an office; however, the presence of these characteristics will influence teleworkers' work outcomes and attitudes.
The Job Characteristics Theory of motivation identifies core job dimensions that provide motivation for individuals and include: skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback (Hackman & Oldham, 1980).
However, coworker support and virtual social groups for team building had a direct influence on increasing job satisfaction, perhaps due to an increase in skill variety from teamwork and an increase in task significance from more working relationships.
According to the theory, certain core job characteristics are responsible for each psychological state: skill variety, task identity, and task significance shape the experienced meaningfulness; autonomy affects experienced responsibility, and feedback contributes to the knowledge of results.
One such popular model is the aforementioned Job Characteristics Model (JCM), which applies influential theories of work as it correlates to the five central characteristics of skill variety, task identity, task significance, task autonomy, and task feedback.
If five characteristics of a job are present (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback), then the employee in that job will experience more internal work motivation, satisfaction with personal growth opportunities, general job satisfaction, higher job performance, and lower absenteeism and turnover.
Vertical Loading - Like the tactic used in the Humanistic Job Enrichment approach, this intervention is designed to enhance autonomy, task identity, task significance, and skill variety by increasing the number of tasks and providing greater levels of control over how those tasks are completed.