Subduction zones are also associated with earthquakes because of the strain associated with plate convergence.
One cause for shallow subduction may have been an increased rate of plate convergence.
It has also been classified as a 'Carpathian' type orogen, i.e. one where subduction rate is greater than that of plate convergence.
In early Miocene times (24 Ma), plate convergence caused regional compression.
Nevertheless, for the Andes as a whole, compressive stresses arising from plate convergence have not been the major cause of uplift.
Deformation of the weak Tibetan crust and flow in the upper mantle may have resulted from the north-south squeezing generated by plate convergence.
One very obvious form is the volcanism of island arcs and continental-margin orogens associated with plate convergence.
The strains caused by plate convergence in subduction zones cause at least three different types of earthquakes.
Thrusting occurred during a late Paleozoic episode of plate convergence.
They are formed by continental plate convergence.