Some of the the most cynically manipulated pictures have been produced by the Arabs in the Middle East conflict.
In these blurred, solarized, toned, cut up and otherwise aggressively manipulated pictures, shadowy models run, dance or tumble in outdoor settings.
Look for new inexpensive computers for manipulating still pictures and graphics.
Others did not, among them the Guardian, which has a policy not to manipulate pictures - or not to manipulate pictures without saying it has done so.
The inventor said the new chip would allow a desktop computer to read a compact disk and manipulate pictures and sound as well as printed text.
Sally Stone of the Portsmouth Daily Times said that Virginia delivered "a nasty kodak moment" when she manipulated pictures of Vanessa and Tyus.
She worked more as a photojournalist than as an artist, using only a small Leica camera, and she was not fond of manipulating pictures to get photomontages or photograms.
But if you're going to manipulate pictures of human beings on a computer screen, they might as well be pictures of instant pop stars whose careers and identities have been manufactured by global media corporations.
There is also a greater computer presence with 11 digital images, though most are straightforward not manipulated pictures.
Vic remembered saying photographers had been manipulating pictures in dark rooms since the dawn of time, and if not there, then in the staging of the subject.