The private property owner is generally paid an annual land rent.
Despite this, many of the residents pay land rent for the right to live there.
They are all incorporated villages, where land rent rather than property taxes is collected.
There is some work that takes a less simple view of land rent.
The book concludes that land rent grows as population increases.
Urbaria were also used to record land rent and stock.
But for the system as a whole, the land rent did not really determine the price of grain.
It was the other way around: the price of grain determined land rent.
Implicitly, therefore, many land rents are regarded as a transfer of income.
The law of rent makes it clear that the landowner has no role in setting land rents.