"In either case, you could be sowing the seeds of a future lawsuit."
He predicted that the study, which was made public last week, would influence future lawsuits.
But they also conceded that it was necessary to protect themselves against possible future lawsuits.
Whether Federal judges will have anything to say depends on future lawsuits, if any.
The city is working on a "housing master plan" to avoid future lawsuits from developers.
Experts said they expected the ruling to spur future lawsuits against tobacco companies.
German companies want immunity from future lawsuits before they start paying.
Tobacco companies, they said, must shield some documents because of future lawsuits.
But he added, "As our investigations continue, we expect to be filing future lawsuits."
That decision, which may make any funding policy change the subject of future lawsuits, has remained intact in this final ruling.