So a formal democracy, in which the people or the people's representatives appeared to rule, might conceal a very undemocratic distribution of actual power.
Instead, they encouraged him to take further steps in the direction of the "formal democracy" he scorns.
After twenty years of dictatorship under the Marcos regime, formal democracy in the Philippines was restored in 1986 through a broad "people power" movement.
This concept is a merely formal one, he identifies, because this could be achieved through dictatorship, democracy, or any other means.
The country was also a prime example of a formal democracy with legally limited participation.
Behind the guise of formal democracy, military leaders make all important decisions, and they respond to direction from the United States Embassy.
In terms of formal democracy, Brazil has reached a satisfactory level.
Facing this creative task, appeals of foreign parties to formal democracy remain naive, light-minded and irresponsive.
It has failed to offer social and economic programs that work and, after three years of formal electoral democracy, the average Salvadoran feels worse off.
After independence, however, the interests of different factions within the Indian bourgeoisie could be articulated through the institutions of formal democracy.